The Keys ep12 Kristaps Morbergs and sharing one's wealth

The all-time greatest patron of the University of Latvia, Kristaps Morbergs, died in 1928, leaving to it his millions worth of estate. In his will, Morbergs had
established that the university has to create a special fund for managing his properties that would award scholarships to poor and especially gifted
students, as well as provide financing to young scientists and educators.
The fund continues to operate to this day, and in todays money, Morbergs’s investment is estimated to be about 15 million euro. In this episode of The
Keys, we will investigate how the university manages the valuable estate, and try to explain why wealthy people tend to share their money.


The Keys ep50 Latvia joins the European Union and NATO

After 100 years of statehood – most of which we did not even have our own state – Latvia became a member of the...

The Keys ep49 The centenary celebration of Latvia

Let us use the immediacy of the centenary celebration to try capturing the moment of history being born and how we, the Latvian...

The Keys ep48 The famous RAF Latvija minibus

The Latvian SSR’s industry giant RAF - the company that made Latvija a household name

The Keys ep47 Who built the Latvian state?

The Open-Air Museum became the source of understanding Latvian identity and a messenger for the future generations.

The Keys ep46 The National Library’s 100-year journey

Initially, the plan was to finish the building by 1928; however, nobody could have predicted that it would actually take 88 years.

The Keys ep45 First Olympic gold

Latvians' first ascent of the highest peak of sports: the golden throw of Inese Jaunzeme

The Keys ep44 The long road leading up to 18 November

Only a single photo remains of this significant day. However, the road leading up to it was long.

The Keys ep43 The paradox of kolkhozes

The cause of the past century's greatest damage to rural Latvia, and the only, therefore the best, way of life for two generations of...

The Keys ep42 Latvian Radio

The history of the longest-running medium in Latvia serves as a warning about the dangers of media politicisation.

The Keys ep41 The Baltic Germans

They lived here for 700 years and vanished in one autumn.

The Keys ep40 The Daugavpils HEP station campaign

On 17 October 1986, the newspaper Literature and Art published an article, which marked the beginning of the project’s end.

The Keys ep39 The cult of Kārlis Ulmanis

To nationalist Ulmanis only a few Old Town buildings were valuable; the others - dull, inferior, ripe for demolishing.

The Keys ep38 The Popular Front of Latvia

The Popular Front was so large that you could say the whole nation was the Front. What is left of the Popular Front today?

The Keys ep37 The national partisans

There were about 500 groups of partisans on Latvian soil, with around 20 000 fighters and as many supporters.

The Keys ep36 The Land Reform in Latvia

The first land reform in Latvia was passed on 16 September 1920. Could we have done things differently back then?

The Keys ep35 Latvian Central Council

The organization was intended as the vanguard of the resistance movement that would unite all forces fighting for freedom.

The Keys ep34 The Withdrawal of Russian Forces from Latvia

After regaining independence in August 1991, one of the first acts by the Latvian Parliament was the demand for the withdrawal of the USSR...

The Keys ep33 The August Coup of 1991

By the end of the summer the Baltic States were free and internationally recognized, and by the end of the year the Soviet Empire...

The Keys ep32 The Molotov-Ribbentrop Pact

Was surrender the only viable path for the Baltic states? Or did our leaders make a dire mistake?

The Keys ep31 The Baltic Way

The Baltic Way demonstration on 23 August 1989 was a freedom manifesto of three nations the like of which the world has never seen...

The Keys ep30 Latvian Identity in Exile

What kind of effort did expat Latvians put into maintaining their roots? Perhaps, none – maybe they did it out of joy?

The Keys ep29 WW2 refugees and their heroic rescuers - the boatmen of Kurzeme

Saving refugees was the greatest achievement of the Latvian Resistance. Its success was ensured by the people at the sea and on the shore...

The Keys ep28 The Holocaust in Latvia

On this episode, we look at how four centuries of Jewish presence in Valdemārs was erased in two nights.

The Keys ep27 The end of the Khrushchev Thaw

The dreams of Latvian progressive communists were crushed in June 1959, when the leader of the USSR, Nikita Khrushchev, visited Riga.

The Keys ep26 Clinton in Riga

It was a key historic turning point for the Baltic states on their path to the free world.

The Keys ep25 Five Presidents of Latvia

The five presidents of Latvia after the restoration of independence. Do they deserve to be called true leaders?

The Keys ep24 The Song Festival in Soviet Latvia

The festival was fated to become a painful symbol for Latvia’s loss of independence. How did the festival change?

The Keys ep23 The Nazi occupation of 1941

Nazis took the territory of Latvia from the Soviet occupiers. What changed in the lives of ordinary people when Stalin was replaced by Hitler?

The Keys ep22 The 1940 Occupation

The following 50 years people were put in prison for speaking of this truth. The occupants robbed the people.

The Keys ep21 The Cemetery War. Ideological battle witdh corpses

The ideological battle in a 600-meters-long cemetery lane went on for 60 years.

The Keys ep20 The Latvian Creative Unions plenary session

For the first time ever, respected intellectuals dared to publically speak with such freedom that the people were left breathless.

The Keys ep19 Ruhnu island. Why did Latvia not get it after all?

At least part of the island could have been ours, but we missed out on that too. What happened?

The Keys ep18 15 May 1934, the coup d’état of Latvia.

A key figure in the coup was Kārlis Ulmanis, the prime minister and later self-proclaimed president. However, there was a man who could have...

The Keys ep17 KGB agents' index or the so-called ‘Cheka bags’

What to do with the KGB agents' index or the so-called ‘Cheka bags’? A history that is yet to be resolved.

The Keys ep16 Adoption of The Declaration of Independence of the Republic of Latvia

Whom do we thank for creating the Declaration of Independence? Whom do we thank for its adoption?

The Keys ep15 Art Days in Soviet Latvia - a gift to Lenin

In the 1970s and 80s, the Art Days was one of the top cultural events in Latvia. But was it a true creative freedom?

The Keys ep14 Election of Latvia’s first parliament

We celebrate the date of the Constitutional Assembly, 1 May, as a national holiday. However, the election campaign was all but noble.

The Keys ep13 The russification of Latvia

The population composition undergoes violent and unimaginable social and national changes during the 1950s after World War II.

The Keys ep12 Kristaps Morbergs and sharing one's wealth

How the Latvian University manages the valuable estate, and why wealthy people tend to share their money.

The Keys ep11 Privatization

Latvia's difficult path to free market and private property based capitalist economy.

The Keys ep10 1949 March Deportations and Lielvārde's incredible escape

25 March 1949 saw the most horrific deportations in the history of Latvia. But there was one rural territory, from which not a single...

The Keys ep9 The Remembrance Day of the Latvian Legionnaires

It was officially observed just once, and then abolished in fear that the world would not understand the honouring of Nazi army veterans.

The Keys ep8 Latvian lats

Latvian lats: the national currency from its introduction in 1922 until the replacement with euro in 2014.

The Keys ep7 The Khrushchev Thaw

It all started with a funeral bell announcing the death of Stalin on 5 March 1953. Most significantly for Latvians, the Siberian deportees returned...

The Keys ep6 Perestroika. The beginning of the end

In February 1987 Gorbachev visited Riga. What happened with the people he met and what happened with Gorbachev himself when all of it was...

The Keys ep5 The Freedom Fights.

Was the birth of Latvia a lucky coincidence or perhaps a smart and dazzling political tango?

The Keys ep4 Independent Latvia's return to the Olympic Games

The fight for Latvia's return to the free world of sports had to be fought in the same trenches as its fight for political...

The Keys ep3 Soviet repressions against Riga intellectuals in the early 1950s

During the totalitarian Soviet regime, Riga intellectuals were charged with high treason for organizing French literature nights.

The Keys ep2 University in a war-destroyed zoo

So-called diaspora Latvians are an intrinsic part of our nation and our country's history.

The Keys ep1 The 1991 January Barricades

The 1991 January Barricades in Baltics - the key to the stability of the new world order.